Chemical Storage Buildings
Chemical Storage Buildings are a great option for companies or people to safely store hazardous materials and wastes. Chemical Storage Buildings provide an effective solution to the problem. A chemical storage building can be defined as a prefabricated structure, manufactured primarily at a site other than the final location of the structure, and transported completely assembled or in a ready-to-assemble package to the final location. These buildings provide an economical means of storage and secondary containment because they eliminate the expense of constructing permanent structures.
A number of things need to be considered when selecting appropriate outdoor chemical storage buildings. Your choice will depend on the type of materials to be stored, the location of the building and design requirements. If the materials to be stored are either flammable or combustible, you will need a building that meets the NFPA Code 30, Uniform Fire Code (UFC) Articles 79 and 80, or an equivalent local code. Check with your local Fire Marshall to determine which code is locally enforced. The class of the flammable-combustible material (refer to NFPA Code 30) can also determine what type of building construction is required. Highly flammable materials, such as Category 1, 2, or 3 liquids, will require either a Non–Combustible building or a Fire-Rated building. Non–Combustible buildings are constructed of non-combustible material (such as steel), whereas a Fire-Rated building are constructed of non-combustible materials and include fire resistant insulation in the walls. Fire–Rated buildings are further divided into categories based on the fire resistance of the walls, roof, and openings (doors and vents). When storing liquids that are not considered a flammable (such as corrosives or toxics), a Non–Combustible building should be sufficient.
The design of the building will also be affected by whether or not you will be dispensing from containers stored in the building. If you will be dispensing a Category 1, 2, or 3 liquid within the building, additional design features such as explosion-proof wiring, explosion-relief panels and a ventilation system may be required.
The interior size of the building should accommodate the number of containers required in a single layer and an adequate sump capacity to comply with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Secondary Containment Requirements (40 CFR 264). To meet this regulation, the sum containment should be large enough to hold 100% of the volume of the largest container stored in the building or 10% of the total volume of all containers stored in the building, whichever is larger.
The type of building you select will also have a bearing on the chosen location. Factory Mutual (FM), an insurance and testing agency, specifies minimum distances between the storage building and any other main (occupied) building on the site and the property line of the facility. The following distances are specified by FM:
4 hour fire rated: (Walls rated for 4 hours, roof and opening rated for 3 hours) - Less than 10 feet
2 hour fire rated: (Walls rated for 2 hours, roof rated for 1 hour, and openings rated for 1-1/2 hours) - 10 feet to 50 feet
1 hour fire rated: (Walls rated for 1 hour, roof rated for 1 hour, and openings rated for 3/4 hour) - 50 feet to 75 feet
Non-combustible: (No fire rating) - greater than 75 feet
Mini Storage Buildings
Mini storage buildings are typically best known as single story buildings that are either one or two storage units deep. Pre-Engineered metal mini storage buildings are very popular for people to buy because the building itself is typically a very simple design and is replicated in the same way across many units in one building and tyipcally the same across many buildings in one site. Another popular design is to build the buildings custom out of CMU or another masonry unit depending on what part of the country your are building them at. The main focus when choosing a mini storage building design or type of material is to choose a wall type and a roof type that will last for many years without requiring regular maintenance. You can choose a building from many metal building manufacturers in the country. Please see our Reviews page for a comparison of metal building suppliers.
As mentioned above one of the most important considerations when choosing a mini storage building design is to avoid any moisture from entering any of the storage units. Choosing the right building type is the first step in building a mini storage building but just as important in the building type is the building site. Make sure that the site is graded on your building site to drain away from the buildings and to account for any size of storm including a 50 year or 100 year flood storm.
RV Storage Buildings
RV storage buildings are very similar to any storage buildings except that RV storage buildings require a very tall ceiling height and they require a very tall and wide overhead door. The height of the wall of the building is called the eave height. Make sure that the RV storage buildings eave height is taller than the RV itself and make sure that the overhead doors is tall enough to fit your RV as well.
Salt Storage Buildings
Salt storage buildings are typically built and used by municipalities for the storage of salt used on roads during adverse winter weather conditions. Many pre-fabriated buildings are available for the use of salt storage. Regardless of the type of building chosen the best building used for salt storage will be a building with a very tall ceiling that follows the natural slope of the salt. Salt, when placed naturally from the top, will pile at a slope of 32 degrees. It's for this reason that many salt storage buildings are made of a dome or a geometric sphere. Many metal building manufacturers make this high-ceiling dome or geometric sphere buildings on a regular basis.
Another important consideration for a salt storage building is access to the building and access to the inside of the. Many salt storage buildings are made with a garage door at the front of the buiding and an overhead door at the back of the building so that trucks can gain easy access to the salt from either side of the salt storage building.